Reliance jio telecom

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Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, d/b/a Jio, is an Indian telecommunications company and a subsidiary of Jio Platforms, headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It operates a national LTE network with coverage across all 22 telecom circles. It does not offer 2G or 3G service, and instead uses only voice over LTE to provide voice service on its 4G network.[7][8]Jio soft launched on 27 December 2015 with a beta for partners and employees,[9][10] and became publicly available on 5 September 2016. As of 31 December 2019, it is the largest mobile network operator in India and the third largest mobile network operator in the world with over 387.5 million subscribers.[1]

 

In September 2019, Jio launched a fiber to the home service, offering home broadband, television, and telephone services. Since April 2020, Reliance Industries has raised ₹152,056 crore (US$21 billion) by selling 32.97% equity stake in Jio Platforms.[11]The company was registered in Ambawadi, Ahmedabad, Gujarat on 15 February 2007 as Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited. In June 2010, Reliance Industries (RIL) bought a 95% stake in Infotel Broadband Services Limited (IBSL) for ₹4,800 crore (US$670 million). Although unlisted, IBSL was the only company that won broadband spectrum in all 22 circles in India in the 4G auction that took place earlier that year.[12] Later continuing as RIL's telecom subsidiary, Infotel Broadband Services Limited was renamed as Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited (RJIL) in January 2013.[13]

 

In June 2015, Jio announced that it would start its operations throughout the country by the end of 2015.[14] However, four months later in October, the company postponed the launch to the first quarter of the financial year 2016–2017.[15]

 

Later, in July 2015, a PIL filed in the Supreme Court by an NGO called the Centre for Public Interest Litigation, through Prashant Bhushan, challenged the grant of a pan-India licence to Jio by the Government of India. The PIL also alleged that the firm was being allowed to provide voice telephony along with its 4G data service, by paying an additional fee of just ₹165.8 crore (US$23 million) which was arbitrary and unreasonable, and contributed to a loss of ₹2,284.2 crore (US$320 million) to the exchequer.[16][17] The Indian Department of Telecommunications (DoT), however, explained that the rules for 3G and BWA spectrum didn't restrict BWA winners from providing voice telephony. As a result, the PIL was revoked, and the accusations were dismissed.[18]

 

The 4G services were launched internally on 27 December 2015.[19] The company commercially launched its 4G services on 5 September 2016,[9] offering free data and voice services till December 31,[20] which was later extended till March 31, 2017.[21][22] Within the first month, Jio announced that it had acquired 16 million subscribers.[23] Jio crossed 50 million subscriber mark in 83 days since its launch,[24] subsequently crossing 100 million subscribers on 22 February 2017.[25] By October 2017 it had about 130 million subscribers.[26]

 

Alliance

In February 2016, Jio announced a global alliance of Mobile Network Operators which include:[27][28]

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